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BIBLIOGRAPHY ON GANG CULTURE
Below is a list of randomly selected articles and books pertaining to gangs and juvenile delinquency. Some of the articles are available for immediate download and some of the books can be purchased from the book store.


Advancement Project, August 2006, Gang Activity Reduction Strategy - Phase I Report
Available online: [PDF]

Anderson, Elijah. 1994. The Code of the Streets. The Atlantic Monthly, May 1994.

Alonso, Alex, 2006, Blood Pressure Rising, The Source Magazine.
Available online: [PDF 482K]

Alonso. Alex, 2004, Racialized Identities and the Formation of Black Gangs in Los Angeles, Urban Geography, vol. 25, pp. 658-674.
Available online: [PDF 483K]

Alonso. Alex, 1999, Territoriality Among African American Street Gangs in Los Angeles, Masters Thesis, University of Southern Calfornia.
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Alonso. Alex, 1998, Urban Graffiti on the City Landscape, Paper Presentation, Western Graduate Geography Conference, San Diego, CA
Available online: [PDF 556K]

Bakeer, Donald. 1987. Crips: The Story of the L.A. Street Gang from 1972-1985. Los Angeles: Precocious.

Bing, Leon. 1991. Do or Die. Harperperennial Library.

Bjerregaard, Beth and Carolyn Smith. 1993. Gender Differences in Gang Participation, Delinquency, and Substance Abuse" Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 9: 329-55.

Bogardus, Emory. 1926. The City Boy and His Problems. Los Angeles, CA: House of Ralston, Rotary Club of Los Angeles.

Brotherton David C. and Luis Barrios, 2004, The Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation: Street Politics and the Transformation of a New York City Gang, Columbia Press.
Order Book

California. District Attorney. 1992.Gangs, Crime and Violence in Los Angeles: Findings and Proposals. Office of the District Attorney, County of Los Angeles, 1992.

Cesareti, Gusmano.1975. Street Writers: A Guided Tour of Chicano Graffiti, Acrobat.

Chin, Ko-Lin. 1986. Chinese Triad Societies, Tongs, Organized Crime, and Street Gangs in Asia and the United States. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pennslyvania.

Cohen, Albert K. 1955. Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang, Free Press, 1955

Davis, Mike. 1990. City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles. Vintage.
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Decker, Scott H. and Barrik Van Winkle, 1994. Slinging Dope: The Role of Gangs and Gang Member in Drug Sales. Justice Quarterly Vol. 11, No4.

Decker, Scott Frank van Gemert & David C. Pyrooz, 2009. Gangs, Migration, and Crime: The Changing Landscape in Europe and the USA, International Migration & Integration
Available Online: [Download Article]

Esbensen, F.-A., 2000. The national evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program. In J. Miller, C.L. Maxson, & M.W. Klein (Eds.), The Modern Gang Reader (2nd ed., pp. 289-302). Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury.

Esbensen, F.-A., Osgood, D. W., Taylor, T. J., Peterson, D., & Freng, A., 2001, How great is G.R.E.A.T.? Results from a longitudinal quasi-esperimental design. Criminology and Public Policy, 1(1), 87-118.

Esbensen, F.-A., Peterson, D., Taylor, T. J., Freng, A., & Osgood, D. W. (2004). Gang prevention: A case study of a primary prevention program. In F-A. Esbensen, S.G. Tibbetts, & & L. Gaines (Eds.), American Youth Gangs at the Millennium (pp. 351-374). Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, Inc.

Espinoza, Federico Garcia Jr. 1984. An Historical Look on the Growth of Hispanic Gangs in Los Angeles County . Unpublished Masterís Thesis, University of Southern California.

Evans, Williams, Fitzgerald, Carla, Weigal, Dan & Sarah Chvilicek, 1999. Are Rural Gang Members Similar to their Urban Counterparts? Implications for Rural Communities, Youth & Society, Vol. 30, 267-282.
Available Online:[PDF 45K]

Feinstein, Dianne, 2003, The Gang Prevention and Effective Deterrence Act: Combating the Spreed of Gang Violence, Washington D.C.
Available Online:[PDF]

Finn-Aage, Esbensen, 2000, Preventing Adolescent Gang Involvement, OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C.
Available Online:[PDF]

Finn-Aage, Esbensen & D. Wayne Odgood, 1999, Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT): Results From the National Evaluation, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 36, 194-225.
Available Online:[PDF 347K]

Fremon, Celeste, 2004, G-Dog and the Homeboys: Father Greg Boyle and the Gangs of East Los Angeles, University of New Mexico Press.
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Fritsch, Eric J., Caeti, Tory J., & Robert W. Taylor, 1999, Gang Suppression through Saturation Patrol, Aggressive Curfew, and Truancy Enforcement: A Quasi-Experimental Test of the Dallas Anti-Gang Initiative, Crime & Delinquency, Vol. 45, 122-139.
Available Online:[PDF 58K]

Galindo, Letticia D. 1993. The Language of Gangs, Drugs, and Prison Life Among Chicanas." Latino Studies Journal Sep 1, Vol. 4, No. # P23.

Gang 2000: A Call to Action: the Attorney Generalís Report on the Impact of Criminal Street Gangs on Crime and Prevention by the Year 2000, California Department of Justice Division of Law Enforcement- Bureau of Investigation, March 1993.

Greene, Judith & Kevin Pranis, 2007, Gang Wars: The Failure if Enforcement Tactics and the Need for Effective Public Safety Strategies, A Justice Policy Institute Report, July.
Available Online:[PDF 1,523K]

Hasan H. A. 1998. Understanding the gang culture and how it relates to society and school. In: Park Hyun-Sook and Meyer Luanna et al. (Ed) Making friends:The influences of culture and development. Pp 263-283, Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.

Hayden, Tom, 2005, Street Wars: Gangs and the Future of Violence , The New Press.
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Henderson, Eric.; Kunitz, Stephen J. Levy, Jerrold E., 1999, The origins of Navajo youth gangs, American Indian Culture and Research Journal, vol. 23, 243-64.
Available Online: HTML version

Herbert, Steve. 1997. Policing Space: Territoriality and the Los Angeles Police Department. University of Minnesota Press.

Hill, Karl G., Howell, James C. Howell, Hawkins, J. David, and Sara Battin-Pearson, 1999, Childhood Risk Factors for Adolescent Gang Membership: Results from Seattle, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, vol. 36, pp 300-322.
Available Online:[PDF 70K]

Huff, Ronald C., 1998, Comparing the Criminal Behavior of Youth Gangs and At-Risk Youth, National Institute of Justice, Washington D.C.
Available Online: [PDF 128K]

Hutchinson, Ray. 1993. Blazon Nouveau: Gang Graffiti in the Barrios of Los Angeles and Chicago. In Gangs: The Origins and Impact of Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States, eds. Scott Cummings & Daniel J. Monti, 137-171. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Jackson, George. 1970. Soledad Brother: The Prison Letter of George Jackson. New York: Bantam.

Jackson, Robert K., and Wesley D. McBride. 1986. Understanding Street Gangs. Custom Publishing Co.

Justice Policy Institute, 2006. Ganging Up On Communities: Putting Gang Crime in Context.
Available Online: [PDF 128K]

Kissner, Jason and David C. Pyrooz, 2009. Self-control, differential association, and gang membership: A theoretical and empirical extension of the literature<, Journal of Criminal Justice, 27: 478 - 487.
Available Online: [Download Article]

Klein, Malcolm W. 1992. Attempting Gang Control by Suppression: The Misuse of Deterrence Principles. Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention (2) 88-111, October.

Klein, Malcolm; Maxson, Cheryl and Jody Miller, 1995, The Modern Gang Reader.

Klein, Malcolm, 1995, The American Street Gangs: Its Prevalence, Nature and Control. Oxford.

Klein, Malcolm W. and Lois Y. Crawford, 1967, Groups, Gangs, and Cohesiveness. Los Angeles: University of Southern California, Youth Studies Center.

Lafontaine, Tania, et al., 2005, Street Gangs: A Review of the Empirical Literature on Community and Corrections-Based Prevention, Intervention and Suppression Strategies,
Available Online: [PDF 330K]

Lane, Jodi & James W. Meeker, 2000, Subcultural Diversity and the Fear of Crime and Gangs, Crime & Delinquency, Vol. 46, 497-521
Available Online: [PDF 121K]

Lasley, James, 1998, "Designing Out" Gang Homicides and Street Assaults, National Institute of Justice Research in Breif, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C.
Available Online:[PDF 56K]

Levitt, Steven D. & Sudhir A. Venkatesh, 2000, An Economic Analysis of a Drug-Selling Gang's Finance, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, August, 755-789.
Available Online:[PDF 274K]

Ley, David. 1974.. The Black Inner City as a Frontier Outpost. Annals of the Association of American Geographers.

Ley David. 1975. The Street Gang and in its Milieu In: The Social Economy of Cities 247-273,Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

Ley, David and Roman Cybriwsky. 1975. Urban Graffiti as Territorial Markers. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. vol. 64, n4: 491-505, 1974.

Maxson, Cheryl, 1998, Gangs on the Move, OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, Washington D.C.
Available Online:[PDF 273K]

Maxson, Cheryl. 1995. Street Gangs and Drug Sales in Two Suburban Cities Series: NIJ Research in Brief.
Available Online:53K, text version

Maxson, Cheryl & Malcolm Klein. 1996. Street Gang Migration: How Big the Threat? NIJ Journal. 230: 26-31.

Meehan, Patrick MD and Patrick W. O'Carroll MD. 1992. Gangs, Drugs, and Homicide in Los Angeles. American Journal of Diseases of Children vol. 146 N. 6 P.683.

Miller, Jody, 1998, Gender and Victimization Risk Among Young Women in Gangs, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 35, 429-453.
Available Online:[PDF 111K]

Moore, Joan. 1991. Going Down to the Barrio: Homeboys and Homegirls in Change. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Moore, Joan. 1994. The Chola Life Course: Chicana Heroin Users and the Barrio Gang. The International Journal of the Addictions v 29 n 9 :1115-1126.

Moore, Joan B. 1978. Homeboys: Gangs, Drugs and Prisons in the Barrios of Los Angeles Temple.

National Alliance of Gang Investigators Association, 2005, 2005 National Gang Threat Assessment, U.S. Department of Justice.
Available Online:[PDF 2 MB]

National Drug Intelligence Center, Connecticut Drug Threat Assessment, July 2003, U.S. Department of Justice
Available Online:[PDF]

Office of Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 2000, Youth Gangs, Programs and Strategies, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C.
Available Online:PDF Format, 86 pages

Office of Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 1994, Gang Suppression and Intervention: Problem and Response, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C.
Available Online:PDF Format, 36 pages

Office of Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 1994, Gang Suppression and Intervention: Community Models, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C.
Available Online: PDF Format, 35 pages

Patton Peter L. 1998. The gangstas in our midst. Urban Review. March Vol 30(1), 49-76.

Puntenney, D.L. 1997. The Impact of Gang Violence on the Decisions of Everyday Life: Disjuctions Between Policy Assumptions and Community Conditions. Journal of Urban Affairs. vol. 19, 2, 143-161.

Queen, William, 2005, Under Alone: The True Story of the Undercover Agent Who Infiltrated America's Most Violent Outlaw Motorcycle, Random House.
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Rodriguez, Joseph, et al, 2000, East Side Stories: Gang Life in East LA, powerHouse Books.
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Rodriguez, Luis. 1994. Always Running: La Vida Loca: Gang Days in L.A. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Romotsky, Sally & Jerry Romotsky. 1975. Plaqueaso on the Wall. Human Behavior. May, 4: 65-69.

Rosenthal, Lawrence, 2000, Gang loitering and race, The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology , Vol. 91, 91-100.
Available Online:190 K HTML Format

Ross, Jeffrey I. & Stephen C. Richards, 2002, Behind Bars: Surviving Prison, Alpha Books.
Order Book

Sanchez, Reymundo, 2001, My Bloody Life: The Making of a Latin King, Chicago Review Press.
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Sanchez, Reymundo, 2004, Once A King, Always A King: The Unmaking of a Latin King, Chicago Review Press.
Order Book

Schatzberg, Rufus. 1993. Black Organized Crime in Harlem:1920-1930. New York: Garland.

Shakur, Sanyika. 1993. Monster: The Autobiography of an L.A. Gang Member. Penguin.

Sheley, J F; Zhang, J; Brody, C J; Wright, J D. 1995. Gang Organization, Gang Criminal Activity, and Individual Gang Members Criminal Behavior" Social Science Quarterly, vol. 76, issue 1, 52-68.

Sides, Josh, 2004. Straight into Compton: American Dreams, Urban Nightmares, and the Metamorphosis of a Black Suburb. American Quarterly. -Vol. 56, No 3, pp. 583-605.
Available Online: [PDF Version]

Sikes, Gini. 1997. Eight Ball Chicks, Anchor Press.
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Sipchen, Bob. 1993. Baby Insane and the Buddha: How a Crip and a Cop Joined Forces to Shut Down a Gang. Doubleday.

Simpson, Colton, 2005, Inside the Crips: Life inside L.A.'s Most Notorious Gang, St. Martin's Press.
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Spergel, Irving A. and others. 1994. Gang Suppression and Intervention: Problem and Response. Research Summary. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. Of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Spergel, Irving A. and others. 1990, Community and Institutional Responses to the Youth Gang Problem, National Youth Gang Suppression and Intervention Program, Washington D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Available Online: 279,794 Kb Text Version

Stenson, Kevin. 1997. Crimes of Style: Urban Graffiti and the Politics of Criminality. Sociological Review. vol 45, no 3, 527-529.

Thrasher, Frederic. 1927. The Gang; a Study of 1,313 Gangs in Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Tyler, Bruce M. 1983. Black Radicalism in Southern California:1950-1982. PhD dissertation, University of Southern California.

Tita, George & Allan Abrahamse, 2004, Gang Homicide in LA, 1981 - 2001, California Attorney General's Office.
Available Online: 1.9 MB PDF Version

Tita, George, Scott Hiromoto, Jeremy Wilson, John Christian, & Clifford Grammich, 2004, Gun Violence in the LAPD 77th Street Area, Working Paper, Rand Public Safety and Justice
Available online: [PDF 556K]

Venkatesh, Sudhir Alladi, 1997, The Social Organization of Street Gang Activity in an Urban Ghetto. American Journal of Sociology, 103:82-111.

Venkatesh, Sudhir Alladi, 2001 , Community Justice and the Gang: A Life-Course Perspective, Columbia University, New York: NY.
A vailable Online:[PDF 713K]

Vigil, James Diego, 1997, Learning from Gangs: The Mexican American Experience, Washington D.C.: Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education.
Available Online:16 Kb HTML version

Vigil, James Diego, 1996, Street Baptism, Chicano Gang Initiation. Human Organization. vol. 5, issue 2, 149-153.

Vigil, James Diego, 1996, Understanding Life in an East Los Angeles Public Housing Project: A Focus on Gang and Non-Gang Families, Anthropology
Available Online:[PDF 146K]

Vigil, James Diego, 2003, Rainbow of Gangs: Street Cultures in the Mega-City, Austin: University of Texas Press.

Vigil, James Diego and Steve Yun. 1990. Vietnamese Youth Gangs in Southern California in Huff, C. Ronald (ed.). Gangs in America. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Werthman, Carl and Irving Piliavin. 1967. Gang Members and the Police. In: David J. Bordua. (Ed).The Police: Six Sociological Essays. 56-98, John Wiley & Sons: New York.

Whyte, W. F. 1943. Street Corner Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Williams, Stanley "Tookie", 1998, Life in Prison, Chronicle Books.
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Williams, Stanley "Tookie", 2005, Blue Rage, Black Redemption, Damamli Publishing
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Wilson, James & Geogre Kelling, 1982, Broken Windows, The Atlantic Monthly, pp. 29-33.
Available Online:23 K HTML version

Wrangham, R., & Wilson, M. 2004. Collective Violence: Comparisons between Youths and Chimpanzees, Annals New York Academy of Sciences, vol 1036, pp. 233-256.
Available Online:[pdf version]

Wright, Terrell, 2005, Home of the Body Bags, Venice:CA, Senegal Press.
Available Online (Chapter one only): [PDF 38K] . | . Order Book

Yablonsky, Lewis. 1997. Gangsters : Fifty Years of Madness, Drugs, and Death on the Streets of America . New York: New York Press.


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