The United Nations (UN) in 1998 placed Angola under sanctions forbidding countries from buying diamonds from them.  This resolution was the first resolution of the UN which specifically mentioned diamonds in the context of funding war. In 1999 the illicit diamond trade was estimated by the World Diamond Council to have made up 3.06% of the world's diamond production. By 2004 this percentage had fallen to approximately 1%. according to the World Diamond Council.. Other estimates by Partnership Africa Canada have reported conflict diamonds as much as 15% of total production in the 1990s, with as much as 20% being sold for illicit purposes.
Angola was a former colony of Portugal, and gained independence in 1975. Although independent, the country saw civil war between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) faction, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) faction. During this war, diamonds were traded by rebel groups to fund their war. The UN recognized the role that diamonds played in funding the UNITA rebels, and banned countries from buying diamonds from Angola. Today Angola’s civil war has ended and the country is now an arguably legitimate part of the diamond trade.
Blood Diamonds first came to the world's attention in the late 1990's, during the violent civil war in Sierra Leone. The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebels attempted to overthrow the government, and an illicit diamond trade was used to fund the war effort. As with Angola, the civil war has ended, and Sierra Leone is an arguably legitimate part of the diamond trade.
From 1989 to 2003 Liberia was engaged in a civil war. In 2000, the UN accused Liberian president Charles G. Taylor of supporting the RUF insurgency in Sierra Leone with weapons and training for diamonds. In 2001 the UN applied sanctions on the Liberian diamond trade. In August 2003 he stepped down as president, and after being exiled to Nigeria, now faces trial in the Hague. On July 21, 2006 he pleaded not guilty of crimes against humanity and war crimes.
Liberia today is at peace and is attempting to construct a legitimate diamond mining industry. However, UN sanctions have not yet been lifted.
The Ivory Coast began to develop a fledgling diamond mining industry in the 1990’s. A coup overthrew the government in 1999, starting a civil war. The country became a route for exporting diamonds from Liberia and war torn Sierra Leone. Foreign investment began to withdraw from the Ivory Coast. To curtail the illicit trade, the nation stopped all diamond mining, and the UN Security Council banned all exports of diamonds from the Ivory Coast in December 2005.
Republic of Congo
The Republic of Congo faced UN sanctions in 2004 because despite having no official diamond mining industry, the country was exporting large quantities of diamonds, the origin of which it could not detail.
Do we have any posters who are from these regions that can give us a better understanding of what is goin on with this?
i encourage everyone to read on blood/conflict diamonds