An interesting thread here people...interesting but a bit misleading in a way...I wanna respond to Civil_Thor (curious name that!) - in that I agree with your post - many African cities are places where poverty is endemic and the worst gang will be the local police, cos corruption and neglect of the poorest are commonplace.
Rwanda was also mentioned - again, its not that Rwanda had 'tough' cities in the Western appreciation of the meaning, in relation to gangs and street life stuff etc. Before 1994, Rwanda's capital, Kigali wasn't a hotbed of gang activity or street stuff of any kind - but something much, much more sinister and destructive again....Rwanda was in the grip of poisonous xenophobia and Nazi like ideology....In a nutshell it went something like this...for decades following the colonialisation by the Belgian's and French, there was an artificial construct born about the two major ethnicities oin Rwanda - Tutsi and Hutu - for decades the old colonialists had been propagating the false idea that the Tutsi ethnicity was superior, which actually meant 'more european' as the Tutsi people were tall, fair and had a royal family. There was also a myth called the Hamatic myth, that the Tutsi people were descendents of a lost tribe of Isreal. Hutu people worked the land as farmers and were shorter and darker and apparently according to the old guard colonialists, had broader noses! Anyhow, those old lot used to even measure the nose width of Rwandans to determin who was Tutsi or Hutu!
Rewind to ten years ago - Tutsi's had held a monopoly of power through colonial rule. Following independence, Hutu political parties wanted a share of the action. So far not unfair eh? The reality was that the bitterness and hatered had built up so much over the decades that the ascendant political force in the early nineties was a party called HUTU POWER, which were in fact a bunch of murderous Nazi's, holding the same twisted philosophies as any fascest ideology before them. And the Hutu Power solution - to assassinate the Hutu President, blame it on the Tutsi's and kick-start a genocide.
In April 1994, Hutu Power's militias, the Interahamwe and regular soldiers and policemen and including thousands of ordinary Hutu citizens butchered 800,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsi and moderate Hutu people in 100 days. Close range killing - machetes, masu's (clubs with nails driven through), staves, grenades, knives - were used to systematically murder a population. Doctors murdered their patients, teachers killed their students, pastors butchered their flocks......the blood beast drank the blood of a people and devoured their flesh. Radio 'Milles-Collines' broadcast messages encouraging the slaughter, saying that the Tutsi 'cockroaches' must be totally destroyed.
The UN totally screwed up, let it happen, watched it happen. The head man of the UN in Rwanda at the time sent an urgent fax to headquarters in New York, but they did NOTHING. That same man, unable to stop Satan bing unleashed now lives the rest of his life on a hilltop in Rwanda working with his hands on the land for the poorest, to give something back.
Thank God, General Paul Kagame and the Rwandan Patriotic Front swept in from Uganda and stopped the genocide in its tracks. The genocidaires fled to Goma on the Congo border and mashed it up there - more killing, death, night, blood.
Well, that was tough. But in relation to Western views and ideas of tough cities, it just aint like that in many African cities.
But, when I think about the so-called wars building up between latino and black gangs in LA, for example, they wanna look at Rwanda's experience aand think again before buying into ethnic haters of any kind. Because the only thing you gonna get is the roar of the blood beast, a the beast enjoys sucking dry the flesh of Mexicans, African-Americans and White man too, the beast dont care one little bit, just wants more blood.