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Pashtun Mafia (also known as Pakhtun mafia, Pukhtun Mafia, Opium Mafia, Pathan Mafia, Drug Mafia) is a global criminal society comprising of several organizations specified by trade among the fifteen million Pashtuns in the NWFP in Pakistan (with roughly the same number of Pashtuns living in the contiguous Afghanistan).
In the 1980s, huge amounts of U.S. money flooded the region, as the Central Intelligence Agency used Pakistani proxies to fund the mujahedeen resistance to Afghanistan’s Soviet-backed government.The Soviet war in Afghanistan introduced massive quantities of small arms into Pakistan and provided capital for investment in smuggling. The spread of Pashtun diaspora reaching into the Persian Gulf- Dubai e.g includes the third -largest Pashtun population after Peshawar and Karachi -facilitated trade and smuggling throughout the region. The dug and trans border trades are all linked up to organized crime groups operating throughout the Indian Ocean periphery, former Soviet Union, and Europe.
It controls organized crime activities based in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Turkmenistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, United Kingdom, Turkey,Thailand, Canada as well as in the American states of California, Maryland, and Virginia and various other countries..
Based in the Pashtun areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan, the group's operations extend to much of the major cities in the world. It controls the drug trafficking and an enormous amount of contraband. Its illicit activities include labor racketeering, gambling, loansharking, extortion, drug smuggling, hijacking, cargo theft, money laundering, fencing and assassinations.
1.1 Prior the Soviet War 1950's to 1970's
1.2 Soviet War from 1979 to 1992
1.2.1 Pashtun Diaspora
2 Structure and Organization
3.1 Contraband & Smuggled Goods
3.2 Gun Manufacture
3.3 Car Lifting
3.4 Opium and Narcotics Production and Trafficking
3.4.2 Drug Cartels
188.8.131.52 Afridi Organization
184.108.40.206 Notezai Organization
220.127.116.11 Kuki Khel Organization
18.104.22.168 Yusufzai-Mohammadzai and Khattack Elites Organization
22.214.171.124 Noorzai Organization
3.5 Money Laundering and the Hawala System
3.6.1 Significant Murders
4 Pashtun Mafia in India
5 Political influence
6 Notable Figures
7 Prominent Organizations
8 Prominent Pashtun Mafia Locations
9 See also
10 External Links & Videos
 Prior the Soviet War 1950's to 1970's
Afghanistan during this time was a weak rentier or allocation state. The state financed just under half of its total budget from external sources, which were used to create basic infrastructure, such as a national network of roads, and a modern police force. Despite this, rural communities remained isolated from the state and dependent on agricultural production to survive. An important new dimension was brought to the rural economy in Afghanistan in the mid-1970s when opium poppy cultivation expanded, as opium production was halted in Iran. By the late 1970s opium poppy reportedly was cultivated by most of the Pashtun provinces.
 Soviet War from 1979 to 1992
During the major conflict from 1979 to 1992, the value and quantity of illicit activities grew considerably. The counter-insurgency war waged by government and Soviet troops devastated the rural subsistence economy, with food production estimated to have fallen by as much as two-thirds. Massive resource flows were directed to opposition groups, with foreign intelligence agencies using Afghan political parties in Pakistan and Iran as logistical conduits to supply opponents of the central government. Profits accumulated ed from these flows of external support were invested in, and supplemented by, a number of illicit activities. Critically, and in line with an increase in opium production in Pakistan,Afghanistan developed into a major supplier of opium, producing one-third of total global production by the mid-1980s.
The Soviet war in Afghanistan introduced massive quantities of small arms into Pakistan and provided capital for investment in smuggling. The spread of Pashtun diaspora reaching into the Persian Gulf- Dubai e.g includes the third -largest Pashtun population after Peshawar and Karachi -facilitated trade and smuggling throughout the region. The dug and trans border trades are all linked up to organized crime groups operating throughout the Indian Ocean periphery, former Soviet Union, and Europe. The porous borders of Afghanistan and Pakistan had always created a niche for smuggling contraband. For the Pashtun Mafia, Central Asia can be a target due to its proximity to Europe and it borders being easily penetrated provide an excellent route for contraband. Soviet War Impact Pakistan's NWFP is the region where an illicit heroin industry can be located. Poppy has been grown here for millennia. Historically the major growing areas have been in the Mahaban range of Gadoon Amazai in Swabi districts, Buner parts of the Malakand protected areas and in the upper side valleys of the Panjkora river in Dir, west of the Indus river. The NWFP is largely populated by Pakhtun tribes who are known for their warlike culture and love of weapons. The major border tribes - Waziri, Mahsud,Kakar,Achakzai,Noorzai Bhittani, Mangal, Bangash, Orakzai, khattak, Afridi, Mohmand, and Utman Khel - live under their own warlike code of Pashtunwali. During the Afghan conflict, the border tribes exploited the situation to strengthen themselves.
 Pashtun Diaspora
Main article: Pashtun diaspora
The Pashtun Diaspora across the globe created a network of connecting local traders or individuals regionally and globally. Dubai has the third largest Pashtun population after Peshawar and Karachi; both important stops on the smuggler's trail. A network of ethnic Pashtuns linked smuggling to Pakistan from Dubai via Afghanistan under the cover of the ATTA.
 Structure and Organization
The Pashtun Mafia's criminal organizations which resemble closely structured criminal hierarchies and, with their networks of support and protection, would be identified as organized crime groups even if a relatively restrictive definition were applied. Such groups, in the words of a recent study of organized crime, seek to "govern the underworld They constitute a criminal cartel if, acting together or when a limited number of groups become dominant, they are able to regulate prices or outputs in any criminal market. In contrast, more loosely organized networks of criminal operators may constitute an organized crime group under a broad definition and indeed may acquire high levels of illicit profits, but do not seek extensive control over an illicit market or segment of it. Pashtun Organized crime groups that seek control over markets often specialize in one specific commodity--- that of protection. Importantly, organized crime is will-ing to offer protection both to legal (but poorly protected by the state) and illegal transactions.
 Contraband & Smuggled Goods
In the 1980s, huge amounts of U.S. money flooded the region, as the Central Intelligence Agency used Pakistani proxies to fund the mujahedeen resistance to Afghanistan’s Soviet-backed government. Smuggling of electronics, tires, crockery and textiles gave some mujahedeen commanders a way to enrich themselves and keep supporters employed. For its part, “the government of Pakistan encouraged people to invest in this business,” even supplying telephone and electricity connections for the Karkhano market.). Pashtun Mafia operates 4500 shops in KarKhano Market close to Peshawar in Pakistan. The Pashtun Mafia first collects tolls from from smugglers who ship foreign-made goods through the country and then illegally move the merchandise over the border to Pakistan. The products end up in places such as Peshawar’s sprawling Karkhano market. By smuggling these items through Afghanistan, traders evade Pakistan’s stiff taxes and duties on foreign goods. This allows consumers at Karkhano and other markets to enjoy large discounts compared to legally imported products. This "official trade" between Pakistan and Afghanistan through the hands of the Pashtun Mafia amounted $2 billion( although various sources record higher numbers.
 Gun Manufacture
Darra Adam Khel is devoted entirely to the production of ordnance., A wide variety of firearms are produced in the town, from anti-aircraft guns to pen-guns.Civil wars, foreign occupation and warlord-ism have flooded Pashtun areas with weapons. For the region, the single most significant source of weapons was the first Afghanistan war, in which weapons were procured from around the world, many of which have since flowed to Pakistan and India and to Afghanistan’s Central Asian neighbors. The Afghan war provided enormous opportunities for business in illegal arms in the Pashtun areas and the culture of the AK47 Kalashnikov took firm roots in Pakistan. The Soviet war in Afghanistan introduced massive quantities of small arms into Pakistan and provided capital for investment in smuggling. Moreover, the spread of an Afghan Pashtun diaspora facilitated the arms trade and smuggling throughout the region.
Pashtun Mafia has vested interest in the Darra Adam Khel Gun Market. It is a Pashtun tribal village deep in one of the steep valleys of Pakistan's FATA, has thrived as one of the world's largest unofficial arms markets. There are more than 3000 technicians and skilled laborers working in the 2.600 arms shops and five gun factories that jointly have the capacity to make 1000 guns per day. The area is dominated by the Afridi tribes and has developed into a big center for the manufacture of indigenous weapons. On sale are Chinese and Soviet style Kalashnikov automatic rifles, hand grenades and anti-aircraft guns. This weapons market is full of variety of arms , from Japanese pen pistols to rapid fire guns and communications equipment, missiles, anti-aircraft weapons, hand grenades , rocket launchers and anti-tank ammunition.
 Car Lifting
The Pashtun Mafia headquartered in the tribal areas of Pakistan is involved in car lifting and re selling operations in Pakistan. The car after being lifted, the vehicle changes several hands until it reaches its destination. The Pashtun mafia works behind different organizations to conceal the identity of the vehicle, have it registered and with new documents and to arrange its sale. Usually the syndicate chief maintains indirect contact with the vehicle snatcher. He gives the requirement for a particular model and the point where he will receive the snatched vehicle. The actual group consists of two to four criminals, operating on their own. They receive up to Rs 20,000 per vehicle on delivery at the pre-designated place. Pashtun Mafia acquired sophisticated devices through which they change the engine and chassis numbers and number plates of the stolen vehicles in such a way that it cannot be detected at the forensic science laboratories of the police department. Pashtun Mafia car theft rackets don't have any problem in shifting the stolen vehicles to Afghanistan, because of the long border.Besides, Afghanistan, lucrative markets for these cars exist also in the Provincially Administrated Tribal Area (Pata), owing to non-extension of the Custom Act there. Thus the stolen vehicles are driven to Pata, where they ply on the roads marked as non-custom paid (NCP), from where they can easily be shifted to Afghanistan. Car-lifting had become the most profitable business after narco-trade the world over and for the Pashtun Mafia. The car-lifters have at their disposal foreign-made master keys, that comprised a complete set of 26 keys of different size and shape and are used according to the circumstances lifting the vehicles soon transport them to the tribal belt, where the vehicles are taken apart into pieces and then sold as spares in.Master key meant for the rescue organizations, who use it during relief operations in emergency. Even, the government of Pakistan does not have the same key, whereas the Pashtun mafia involved in the car-lifting had the same device, which had given them upper hand over the government departments responsible for halting the crime. Most of the lifted cars in Pakistan are taken to tribal areas or nearby NWFP districts like DI Khan and Bannu. After snatching or lifting, the stolen vehicles, are then driven to tribal areas or safest places in settled areas, where they are cut into pieces and the spares are sold in the market.A new stolen car is being sold for around Rs 60,000 to Rs 100,000 in these areas. Cars stolen from Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Lahore are being sold in Mansehra, Kotli, Bagh, Mirpur and Muzaffarabad, sources said, adding that, quake-hit areas administrations did not bother to check the documents of these vehicles. They said car-lifters used the under construction Motorway’s Burhan Interchange to reach Mardan as this route was quite safe for them because of no check posts on the way. The car-lifters disassemble the vehicles into pieces and smuggle these to Afghanistan via the Torkham Border, sources said. Cars like Suzuki Bolan is in great demand in the mountainous areas of NWFP and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). Pashtun Gangs after snatching or the markets in Peshawar. Shoba bazaar and Kabari bazaar are replete with second hand parts of the vehicles.
 Opium and Narcotics Production and Trafficking
The Islamic revolution in Iran closed the old traffic routes to the West and the Afghan war led many Afghan poppy growers not only to shift production of poppy and heroin across the border into Pakistan's Pashtun tribal belt and NWFP, but also use Pakistan as the main trans-shipment point for heroin traveling westwards. In the late 1980's the US's Cold War strategies in Afghanistan, combined with the Pakistani perception of a threat to Pashtun nationalism and threat to territorial integrity in NWFP and Baluchistan, led the intelligence agencies in Pakistan and the US to deflect money from heroin trafficking to support the war in Afghanistan. As a result Pashtun cultivators produced around 90 percent of the world's high grade heroin and its largest supplier overseen by an estimated 40 Pashtun Mafia drug cartels.
 Drug Cartels
As far as the major narcotics network in the NWFP are concerned, four significant drug networks appear to be functioning in the province - the Gandaf traders, the Yusufzai, Mohammedzai and Khattak elites. They have established personal contacts with the key corridors of power and a base from which they promote their business interests. The best example of this is Zia-ul-Haq who did have an entourage who used their position to promote criminal interests including narcotics. Two of his pilots used presidential aircraft to smuggle heroin - one to the US during a state visit. Zia's banker and chief financial adviser, Hamid Hasnain was arrested in 1985 as part of a ring smuggling heroin to Europe through Norway zonal head of Habib Bank. No group is more important to the future of narcotics trafficking in and through Pakistan than the Afridi mafia. The Afridi Pashtuns are the border smugglers and raiders of Pakistan par excellence. The location of their territory in a crescent around Peshawar from South to West and their holding of the Khyber Pass, the great northern gateway to the India subcontinent has made them a factor to be reckoned with by all in the valley of Peshawar - Mughal, Durrani, Sikh, British and the Pakistani.
 Afridi Organization
Pir Sayed Gailani,Prominent Pashtun Mafia member and Drugpin affiliated with Afridi OrganizationOrganization headed by Haji Ayub Afridi, Iqbal Beg, Anwar Khattack, Alman Shah and Iqbal Shah. Based largely in Khyber Agency, the syndicate has major drug control in the region. The leading figure is Haji Ayub Afridi, whose election to the National Assembly from Federally Adinstrated Tribal Areas in 1990 provoked intense international cristicism.
Other Drug cartels comprise are led by Momin Khan Afridi, a former member of the National Assembly from FATA,the syndicate also includes well-known presee barons with strong political and intelligence links.
The Afridis took to the heroin business from the very beginning involving themselves in all phases of the product cycle from cash advances to growers to collecting the opium base and moving it to refine laboratories, to transporting heroin throughout Pakistan and into international channels. As early as 1980, the Khyber agency began to harbour refining "laboratories" and by 1984, the Agency reportedly had 60 such laboratories in the operation. Pakistan's biggest drug baron Haji Ayub Afridi had access to former President Ishaq Khan (a Pakhtun from the Bangash belt of Bannu district).
 Notezai Organization
One of the major drug cartels led by Ali Mohammad Notezai, Haji Sheikh Dost Notezai and Asim Kud, both members of the provenicial assembly , are well entrenched in the provincial power structure
 Kuki Khel Organization
One of the major drug barons in the NWFP in the 1980s was Malik Wali Khan Kuki Khel, leader of the Afridis and a former member os the National Assembly (1960-1962).In 1984 , with heroin now embedded in the Pashtun Mafia product line, the government began to pressurize the organization to close the heroin labs in its vicinity. Malik Wali Kuki Khel denounced the governments attempt to control the natural walth and raised is own private militia to force a boycott of the 1985 Pakistani elections. Malik Momin Khan Afridi is an old narcotics trafficker , who began operations through Thailand under cover of a Peshawar bases import/export business. He got elected to the National Assembly in 1958.Momin Khan essentially purchased his seat by buying off enough electors- the tribal seats all have a restricted franchise and none had more than 700 voters Haji Ayub Afridi cited as the biggest drug baron in Pakistan by a CIA report supported General Zia and cooperated with the ISI in its large scale efforts to arm and assist the Afghan Mujahideen.
 Yusufzai-Mohammadzai and Khattack Elites Organization
The Yusufzai-Mohammadzai and the Khattack elted are entrenched in the elite political , military and industrial circles of Pakistan.The majority of Pashtuns (recruited in the Pakistan's army) belong to these tribes.One of the section of the Yusafzais who made it big was Lieutenant General Fazal Haq.One of General Zia Ul Haq's key protegees, he served as Zia's long term Governor of NWFP and key adviser on the Afghanistan conflict.In 1990,he allied with Nawaz Sharif and won a seat in the Provincial Assembly.Throughout his career in the NWFP he was known as a major head of heroin drug trafficking. During his governorship,he led the government in it's Khyber Heroin was between the Afridi Organization and the Yousufzai elites. 
 Noorzai Organization
Bashir Noorzai,The Head of the Pashtun Mafia drug cartel : Noorzai OrganizationFounded by Bashir Noorzai a prominent member of the Pashtun Mafia; it is an international heroin-trafficking organization; responsible for manufacturing and transporting heroin in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Noorzai Organization then arranged for the heroin to be imported into the United States and other countries and sold for tens of millions of dollars. The founder Bashir Noorzai controlled fields in Afghanistan where poppies were grown and harvested to generate opium.After the opium was harvested, the Noorzai Organization used laboratories in Afghanistan and Pakistan to process the opium into heroin.Bashir Noorzai and his co-conspirators arranged to transport the $50 million worth of heroin from Afghanistan into the United States and other countries. President George W. Bush had previously identified Bashir Noorzai as one of the world’s most-wanted drug kingpins on June 1, 2004, pursuant to the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act.
The re-opening of the Quetta-Kandahar-Herat-Ashgabat road by the Taliban, partially financed by the Pashtun Mafia, considerably helped the development of drug trafficking in Turkmenistan. However, it is through Tajikistan that trafficking has most increased over the past two years. Indeed, after the Taliban proscribed opium production in 2000, the 2001 harvest was a mere 185 tons and, of this, only 35 tons were produced in Taliban-held areas while 150 tons came from United Front-controlled regions. In northeastern Afghanistan - mainly in Badakhshan - opium poppy cultivation more than doubled between 2000 and 2001.
 Money Laundering and the Hawala System
Pashtun Hawaldar at work doing money transactionsThe hawala system relies on the extensive networks of mainly Pashtun diaspora in Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Europe, and the United Arab Emirates. The groups link to the political, religious, and socio-economic networks within the core countries of Central Asia, three of which share a border with Afghanistan, and well beyond the region to the Middle East, the UK, and the US. Anecdotal evidence points to close relations between different regional centers. Typically, each province connects to its closest neighbor; for example, the provincial mar- kets in the north, at Mazar-i-Sharif and Faizabad, are articulated toward Tajikistan and Pakistan, while the markets in the west are articulated toward Iran. The presence of the respective foreign currencies provides confirmation of these close regional ties. In the case of southern Afghanistan, the markets depend on trading centers in Pakistan's North West Frontier Province (NWFP). extensive networks have also developed throughout East Asia. Discussions with most hawaladars alluded to the importance of China to their business. Trading families in the Pashtun Mafia commented on the extension of their links to China and Japan, and often explained how they would establish their own hawala businesses as a "support center for their trade. Two major provinces in the South, Helmand and Kandahar, are the next focus of enquiry. Helmand not only accounts for more than aquarter of the total area under poppy cultivation and opium production in Afghanistan, it also dominates the country's opium trad- ing networks. Located at the heart of the Pashtun belt, the province is therefore ideally placed to exploit the extensive Pashtun trading networks that reach many of the world's key financial sites.
 Significant Murders
Kenneth Smith, an open water swimming champion from South Africa in Oct 2007 about his possible involvement with Pashtun mafia drug-dealers. Smith's plastic-wrapped body was found in Peshawar;there are conflicting reports that he was possibly shot, and/or poisoned or died from an overdose of drugs.
 Pashtun Mafia in India
Karim Lala (1906 -1988) was born as Abdul Karim Sher Khan in Kunar province of Afghanistan. He was a prominent member of the infamous Pashtun Mafia, and is widely known to be the founder and pioneer of the Indian mafia of Mumbai in India. He went to work in Mumbai’s docks in the early 1940s via Peshawar, but his rise to prominence, along with Haji Mastan and Varadarajan Mudaliar, is now part of film lore. Karim Lala and his fellow mafia leaders were rooted in Mumbai. They were involved in smuggling gold, running gambling and liquor dens, extortion rackets and selling Hashish. Karim Lala died from a heart attack at the age of eighty-two.Dawood Ibrahim the current don of the Indian Mafia used to work for Karim Lala.)
Lala donated to charitable causes in central Bombay, where he lived. He was also active in forming an association of Pashtuns in Maharashtra and made it a point to meet Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan when he visited Bombay in the early eighties. Karim Lala was picked by the police whenever the Pashtun gang, led by his nephew Samad Khan, created major trouble for the law-enforcers. In fact, he was arrested as late as 1995 for threatening a woman in a property dispute. The Pashtun Mafia killed Dawood Ibrahim's younger brother ; Shabir at Worli-Prabhadevi in 1981 started a spiral of violence which ended with the decimation of the Pathan gang. The last to be killed was Rahim Khan, Karim Lala’s brother, in 1986 at Mahalakshmi Saatrasta in Bombay. After that incident, Karim Lala bought peace with Dawood and took voluntary retirement.).
Dawood Ibrahim the leading mafia figure if the Indian Underworld has links to the Pashtun Mafia.And during his peak was working with the Pashtun Mafia in smuggling narcotics.
 Political influence
Governor of Helmand; Mohammad Daud was sacked in December 2006 as a result of pressure from the Pashtun Mafia on the Afghanistan Government.
The re-opening of the Quetta-Kandahar-Herat-Ashgabat road by the Taliban, was partially financed by the Pashtun mafia ; to boost development of drug trafficking in Turkmenistan.
 Notable Figures
Prominent individuals of the Pashtun Mafia organized crime Name Notes
Abdul Qadir Governor of his home province of Nangarhar was a central figure controlling the growth and export of heroin, and that he had links to the CIA.
Baz Mohammad Major drugpin extradited the US and sentenced to 15 years by a Manhattan Federal court.
Bashir Rahmany Responsible for the Distribution of the Baz Mohammad Organization’s heroin to customers in New York..
Haji Ayub Afridi High on Pakistan's most wanted list, said to be dealing in hashish and heroin.
Hazrat Ali Although the new governor is the elder brother of Haji Qadeer, he has failed to exert any discipline on the warlords. Hazrat Ali belongs to the Professor Burhanuddin Rabbani-led Jamiat-i-Islami Afghanistan and receives direct orders from General Mohammad Qasim Fahim, defense minister in the central government of Hamad Karzai. ... The situation has become so grim in this region for Pakistan that Hazrat Ali even creates problems for Pakistani security forces on the borders, where he is said to be engaged in drug and other trafficking.
Mohammed Zaman The Asia Times reported, on December 4, 2001, that Haji Abdul Qadeer, Haji Mohammed Zaman and Hazrat Ali collaborated to restore the Afridi drug network.
Sher Mohammed Akhundzada Radio Free Europe quotes Pakistani journalist Ahmed Rashid
"Sher Mohammad Akhonzada, the former governor of Helmand, has already hired 500 fighters. Mr. Akhonzada was thrown out from the governorship of Helmand on the demand of the British government before [British troops] went down into Helmand because of his involvement with the drugs, because of his involvement with the Taliban, and [because of] his very unsavory reputation"
Samad Khan Nephew of Karim Lala the Head of Pashtun Mafia in India).
Bashar Noorzai "The Founder of drug smuggling network Noorzai Organization" ::
Karim Lala "Born in the Kunar province in Afghanistan is widely known to be the founder and pioneer of the Indian mafia
Rahim Khan Karmim Lala younger brother ; prominent member of the Pashtun Mafia in India)
Pir Sayed Gailani Ayub Afridi's partner in Heroin Smuggling
Gulbeddin Hekmatyar Afghan Warlord and founder of Hizb-i Islam known to be in Afridi's Drug smuggling coalition 
Gul Aghan Sherzai Governor of Kandahar and a major drugs smuggler:
Haji Ayub Zakhakhel One of Pakisan's biggest drug barons
Muzaffar Khan Afridi Member of the Afridi Organization ; transported hundreds of kilograms of heroin and hashish in the U.S)
Alamdar Khan Afridi Member of the Afridi Organization ; transported hundreds of kilograms of heroin and hashish in the U.S)
Iqbal Beg Prominent Head of the Afridi Organization
Anwar Khattack Prominent Head of the Afridi Organization
Alman Shah Prominent Head of the Afridi Organization
Iqbal Shah Prominent Head of the Afridi Organization
 Prominent Organizations
Baz Mohammad Organization
 Prominent Pashtun Mafia Locations
Prominent locations of the Pashtun Mafia organized crime Location Notes
Darra Adam Khel Area devoted entirely to the production of ordnance., A wide variety of firearms are produced in the town, from anti-aircraft guns to pen-guns.
Dubai Serves as a key financial hub for transactions conducted outside of Afghanistan & Pakistan
Argu It is the biggest heroin-processing district in north-eastern Afghanistan, home to at least 14 laboratories run by Pashtun Mafia traders from the violent tribal borderlands near Pakistan, where the Taliban are waging an insurgency against US troops which is fuelled by drug money.Much of the heroin also still goes south to Helmand, from where the Pashtun smuggling mafia hail. 
Sohrab Goth Area on the outskirts of Karachi known as being a storage and distribution center of drugs and weapons for the Pashtun Mafia in Karachi 
KarKhano Market Established in 1985 has 4,500 shops, owned by both Pakistani and Afghan Pashtun Traders. This market gets a huge amount of contraband from the smugglers from the notorious Pashtun Mafia. The Market sells anything from electronics to clothing. The recent high price of oil has seen a discount price of smuggled petrol in the market.
 See also