|Territoriality Among African-American Street Gangs in Los Angeles analyzes Black gang territories in Los Angeles County, California for four years: 1972, 1978, 1982, and 1996. Gang territories for 1996 were collected in the field by examining gang graffiti, speaking with gang members, non-gang members, and reading the landscape. Territory data for the other time periods came from law enforcement sources.
The thesis also provides a thorough discussion of the history of Black gangs in Los Angeles from the late 1940s to the early 1970s, when the contemporary Black gangs emerged. Black gang territories grew numerically from eighteen in 1972 to 274 by 1996 and grew spatially to cover over 62 square miles by 1996. The thesis also explicitly analyzes the location of gang graffiti, territorial boundaries of gangs, and homicides in a separate analysis. The most hostile graffiti was prevalent on boundaries but gang-related homicides did not occur in high frequency at these boundaries.
Territoriality Among African-American Street Gangs in Los Angeles also examined the proliferation of gangs in Los Angeles over time. It is 184 pages including 24 maps, 16 photos, and 21 charts and tables. It reveals how gangs grew from 18 in 1972, 60 in 1978, 155 in 1982, to 270 gangs in 1996.
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Author: Alex Alonso