Bibliography on street gangs for the gang researcher

BIBLIOGRAPHY on Street Gangs
Below is a list of randomly selected articles and books pertaining to gangs and juvenile delinquency. Some of the articles are available to download.


Anderson, Elijah. 1994. The Code of the Streets. The Atlantic Monthly, May 1994.

Alonso. Alex A. 1998. Urban Graffiti on the City Landscape, Paper Presentation, Western Graduate Geography Conference, San Diego, CA. Get PDF

Alonso. Alex A. 1998. Rebuilding Los Angeles: A Lesson of Community Reconstruction, Southern California Research Center. University of Southern California. Get PDF

Alonso. Alex A. 1999. Territoriality Among African-American Street Gangs in Los Angeles. Master’s Thesis. University of Southern California. Get PDF

Alonso, Alex A. 2004. Racialized identities and the Formation of Black gangs in Los Angeles. Urban Geography, 25(7), 658. Get PDF

Alonso. Alex A. 2010. Out of the Void: Street Gangs in Black Los Angeles. In: Black Los Angeles : American Dreams and Racial Realities. New York: New York University Press. Darnell Hunt and Ramon, Ana-Christina (Eds). New York University Press, NY.

Bjerregaard, Beth and Carolyn Smith. 1993. Gender Differences in Gang Participation, Delinquency, and Substance Abuse" Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 9: 329-55.

Bogardus, Emory. 1926. The City Boy and His Problems. Los Angeles, CA: House of Ralston, Rotary Club of Los Angeles.

Chin, Ko-Lin. 1986. Chinese Triad Societies, Tongs, Organized Crime, and Street Gangs in Asia and the United States. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.

Cohen, Albert K. 1955. Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang, Free Press.

Davis, Mike. 1990. City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles. Vintage.

Decker, Schott H. and Barrik Van Winkle. 1994. Slinging Dope: The Role of Gangs and Gang Member in Drug Sales. Justice Quarterly Vol. 11, No. 4.

Espinoza, Federico Garcia Jr. 1984. An Historical Look on the Growth of Hispanic Gangs in Los Angeles County . Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of Southern California.

Evans, Williams, Fitzgerald, Carla, Weigal, Dan & Sarah Chvilicek. 1999. Are Rural Gang Members Similar to their Urban Counterparts? Implications for Rural Communities, Youth & Society, Vol. 30, 267-282. Get PDF

Esbensen, Finn-Aage. 2013. Civil gang injunctions. Criminology & Public Policy, 12(1), 1-4. Get PDF

Esbensen, Finn-Aage & D. Wayne Odgood. 1999. Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT): Results From the National Evaluation, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 36, 194-225. Get PDF

Esbensen, Finn-Aage, Winfree, L. , He, N. , & Taylor, T. 2001. Youth gangs and definitional issues: When is a gang a gang, and why does it matter?. Crime & Delinquency, 47(1), 105-130.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage, Peterson, D. , Taylor, T. , & Freng, A. (2009). Similarities and differences in risk factors for violent offending and gang membership. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, the, 42(3), 310-335. Get PDF

Esbensen, Finn-Aag & Carson, D. 2012. Who are the gangsters?: An examination of the age, race/ethnicity, sex, and immigration status of self-reported gang members in a seven-city study of American Youth. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 28(4), 465-481. Get PDF

Fritsch, Eric J., Caeti, Tory J., & Robert W. Taylor. 1999. Gang Suppression through Saturation Patrol, Aggressive Curfew, and Truancy Enforcement: A Quasi-Experimental Test of the Dallas Anti-Gang Initiative, Crime & Delinquency, Vol. 45, 122-139. Get PDF

Galindo, Letticia D. 1993. The Language of Gangs, Drugs, and Prison Life Among Chicanas." Latino Studies Journal Sep 1, Vol. 4, No. P23.

Hasan H. A. 1998. Understanding the gang culture and how it relates to society and school. In: Park Hyun-Sook and Meyer Luanna et al. (Eds) Making friends:The influences of culture and development. Pp 263-283, Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.

Herbert, Steve. 1997. Policing Space: Territoriality and the Los Angeles Police Department. University of Minnesota Press.

Hutchinson, Ray. 1993. Blazon Nouveau: Gang Graffiti in the Barrios of Los Angeles and Chicago. In Gangs: The Origins and Impact of Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States, eds. Scott Cummings & Daniel J. Monti, 137-171. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Klein, Malcolm W. 1992. Attempting Gang Control by Suppression: The Misuse of Deterrence Principles. Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention (2) 88-111, October.

Klein, Malcolm, Maxson, Cheryl and Jody Miller. 1995. The Modern Gang Reader.

Klein, Malcolm. 1995. The American Street Gangs: Its Prevalence, Nature and Control. Oxford.

Klein, Malcolm W. and Lois Y. Crawford. 1967. Groups, Gangs, and Cohesiveness. Los Angeles: University of Southern California, Youth Studies Center.

Lane, Jodi & James W. Meeker. 2000. Subcultural Diversity and the Fear of Crime and Gangs, Crime & Delinquency, Vol. 46, 497-521. Get PDF

Levitt, Steven D. & Sudhir A. Venkatesh. 2000. An Economic Analysis of a Drug-Selling Gang’s Finance, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, August, 755-789. Get PDF

Ley, David. 1974.. The Black Inner City as a Frontier Outpost. Annals of the Association of American Geographers.

Ley David. 1975. The Street Gang and in its Milieu In: The Social Economy of Cities 247-273, Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

Ley, David and Roman Cybriwsky. 1975. Urban Graffiti as Territorial Markers. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. vol. 64, n4: 491-505, 1974.

Maxson, Cheryl & Malcolm Klein. 1996. Street Gang Migration: How Big the Threat? NIJ Journal. 230: 26-31.

Meehan, Patrick MD and Patrick W. O’Carroll MD. 1992. Gangs, Drugs, and Homicide in Los Angeles. American Journal of Diseases of Children vol. 146 N. 6 P.683.

Miller, Jody. 1998. Gender and Victimization Risk Among Young Women in Gangs, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 35, 429-453. Get PDF

Miller, Jody , & Decker, Scott. 2001. Young women and gang violence: Gender, street offending, and violent victimization in gangs. Justice Quarterly, 18(1), 115-140.

Moore, Joan. 1991. Going Down to the Barrio: Homeboys and Homegirls in Change. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Moore, Joan. 1994. The Chola Life Course: Chicana Heroin Users and the Barrio Gang. The International Journal of the Addictions v 29 n 9 :1115-1126.

Moore, Joan B. 1978. Homeboys: Gangs, Drugs and Prisons in the Barrios of Los Angeles Temple.

Puntenney, D.L. 1997. The Impact of Gang Violence on the Decisions of Everyday Life: Disjuctions Between Policy Assumptions and Community Conditions. Journal of Urban Affairs. vol. 19, 2, 143-161.

Pyrooz, David & Decker, Scott. 2013. Delinquent behavior, violence, and gang involvement in china. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 29(2), 251-272. Get PDF

Pyrooz, David & Decker, Scott. 2011. Motives and methods for leaving the gang: Understanding the process of Gang Desistance. Journal of Criminal Justice, 39(5), 417-425. Get PDF

Schatzberg, Rufus. 1993. Black Organized Crime in Harlem:1920-1930. New York: Garland..

Patton Peter L. 1998. The gangstas in our midst. Urban Review. March Vol 30(1), 49-76.

Romotsky, Sally & Jerry Romotsky. 1975. Plaqueaso on the Wall. Human Behavior. May, 4: 65-69.

Sheley, J F; Zhang, J; Brody, C J; Wright, J D. 1995. Gang Organization, Gang Criminal Activity, and Individual Gang Members Criminal Behavior" Social Science Quarterly, vol. 76, issue 1, 52-68.

Spergel, Irving A. and others. 1994. Gang Suppression and Intervention: Problem and Response. Research Summary. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. Of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Stenson, Kevin. 1997. Crimes of Style: Urban Graffiti and the Politics of Criminality. Sociological Review. vol 45, no 3, 527-529.

Thrasher, Frederic. 1927. The Gang; a Study of 1,313 Gangs in Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Tyler, Bruce M. 1983. Black Radicalism in Southern California:1950-1982. PhD dissertation, University of Southern California.

Venkatesh, Sudhir Alladi. 1997. The Social Organization of Street Gang Activity in an Urban Ghetto. American Journal of Sociology, 103:82-111.

Vigil, James Diego. 2010. Gang redux: A Balanced Anti-Gang Strategy. Waveland.

Vigil, James Diego. 1996. Street Baptism, Chicano Gang Initiation. Human Organization. vol. 5, issue 2, 149-153.

Vigil, James Diego and Steve Yun. 1990. Vietnamese Youth Gangs in Southern California in Huff, C. Ronald (ed.). Gangs in America. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1990.

Werthman, Carl and Irving Piliavin. 1967. Gang Members and the Police. In: David J. Bordua. (Ed).The Police: Six Sociological Essays. 56-98, John Wiley & Sons: New York.

Whyte, W. F. 1943. Street Corner Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Bakeer, Donald. 1987. Crips: The Story of the L.A. Street Gang from 1972-1985. Los Angeles: Precocious.

Blatchford, Chris. 2008. The Black Hand: The Blood Rise of Boxer Enriquez. Harper Collins.

Gulley, Kevon L. 2010. Just Like Compton.

Jackson, George. 1970. Soledad Brother: The Prison Letter of George Jackson. New York: Bantam.

Murillo, Anthony. 2007. Wicked Sick. Senegal Press.

Queen, William. Under and Alone. 2011. The True Story of the Undercover Agent Who Infiltrated America’s Most Violent Outlaw Motorcycle. Random House.

Rodriguez, Luis. 1994. Always Running: La Vida Loca: Gang Days in L.A. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Sanchez, Reymundo. 2004. Once A King, Always A King: The Unmaking of a Latin King. Chicago Review Press.

Shakur, Sanyika. 1993. Monster: The Autobiography of an L.A. Gang Member. Penguin.

Sikes, Gini. 1997. Eight Ball Chicks. Anchor Press.

Simpson, Colton and Pearlman, Ann. 2005. Inside the Crips: Life Inside L.A.’s Most Notorious Gang. St. Martin’s Press


Bing, Leon. 1991. Do or Die. Harperperennial Library.

Sipchen, Bob. 1993. Baby Insane and the Buddha: How a Crip and a Cop Joined Forces to Shut Down a Gang. Doubleday.


California. District Attorney. 1992.Gangs, Crime and Violence in Los Angeles: Findings and Proposals. Office of the District Attorney, County of Los Angeles, 1992.

Gang 2000: A Call to Action: the Attorney General’s Report on the Impact of Criminal Street Gangs on Crime and Prevention by the Year 2000,

California Department of Justice Division of Law Enforcement- Bureau of Investigation, March 1993.

Jackson, Robert K., and Wesley D. McBride. 1986. Understanding Street Gangs. Custom Publishing Co.

Moreno, Tony. 2005. Lessons from a Gang Cop. Astwood Strategy.

Office of Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 2000, Youth Gangs, Programs and Strategies, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C.
Available Online:PDF Format, 86 pages

Office of Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 1994, Gang Suppression and Intervention: Problem and Response, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C.
Available Online:PDF Format, 36 pages

Office of Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 1994, Gang Suppression and Intervention: Community Models, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C.
Available Online: PDF Format, 35 pages


Cesareti, Gusmano.1975. Street Writers: A Guided Tour of Chicano Graffiti, Acrobat.

Lasley, James, 1998, “Designing Out” Gang Homicides and Street Assaults, National Institute of Justice Research in Breif, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C.
Available Online: 56K PDF Version

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